How and why hemp-based phytocannabinoids benefit pets
No, it’s not pot for pets
As more and more states legalize medical cannabis, there seems to be a growing sense of confusion about the difference between medical cannabis and hemp, what is safe for pets, what the benefits are, and the legality of hemp-derived products.
Although cannabis and hemp are from the same plant genus, Cannabaceae, they are two different plants. They do produce many of the same beneficial phytocannabinoids, but there is a very important distinction - hemp derived phytocannabinoids do not include psychoactive compounds and do not cause the high associated with cannabis.
Hemp is classified as containing less than .3% of Tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid prevalent in medical cannabis. Some strains of hemp, including the one used in Treatibles products, are virtually free of THC.
What exactly are phytocannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds present in all animals (except for insects) and in the plant genus cannabis. When found in plants, these are known as phytocannabinoids (phyto means plant). Hemp based phytocannabinoids offer a wide range of therapeutic applications and is legal in all 50 states.
Phytocannabinoids are very effective in bringing calm and balance to pets suffering from a myriad of conditions. In addition to promoting healthy joints and digestion, phytocannabinoids are recognized for helping pets with general anxiety, separation anxiety, discomfort, loss of appetite, nausea, seizures, end of life comfort, and more.
How do phytocannabinoids offer so many benefits for pets?
The reason phytocannabinoids have so many applications is because all animals have an endocannabinoid system that assists in maintaining the physiological, neurological and immunological systems of the body. If there is a deficiency of endocannabinoid production, the system’s multiple receptors will utilize the addition of phytocannabinoids to help create balance and provide support for relaxing, repairing or restoring. Naturally occurring phytocannabinoids are important for the overall health of dogs, cats, humans, rabbits and all animals.
Dogs are especially responsive to phytocannabinoids as they have the highest concentration of cannabinoid receptors in their brains and bodies compared to other animals, including humans.
Think of receptors as a lock with cannabinoids as a key. When they connect, the door opens. Endocannabinoids fit into the membrane receptor just as the phytocannabinoids do when there is a deficiency in the endocannabinoid system.
Contrary to popular belief, the benefits of phytocannabinoids have been studied for many years.
According to: Izzo et al. “Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids: new therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb.” Trends in Pharmacological Sciences; 2009;30(10):515-527: Potential Veterinary Applications for Phyto‑Cannabinoids Based on Documented Research:
Behavioral modification; Anxiety; Anti-psychotic; Anticonvulsant; [seizures]; Neuroprotection; Neurodegenerative diseases; Cerebral ischemia (reduced blood and oxygen supply to the brain; Myocardial ischemia (reduced blood and oxygen supply to the heart muscle); Inflammation; Intestinal inflammation; Joint inflammation and pain; Pain; Immunosuppression of T-cell activity reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines; Vomiting; Chemotherapy-induced vomiting; Motion sickness; Bone formation and fracture healing; Induces apoptosis (irregular cell death); Reduces [irregular cell] growth; Anti-metastatic; Renal protective from cisplatin chemotherapy, which is very toxic to the kidneys; Antimicrobial (reduces the growth or kills bacteria and fungus)
There are numerous studies showing the effectiveness of phytocannabinoids, including:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24923339 - This study shows that cannabinoids have an anti-anxiety and antidepressant effect in animals.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22520455 - This study shows cannabinoids to have anticonvulsant and anti seizure properties
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19199042- This study shows cannabinoids tend to decrease inflammation
Not all hemp-derived phytocannabinoid rich (PCR) oil infused products are the same. Sourcing, extraction methods, and testing from the raw materials to the final product is paramount.
For example, at Treatibles our PCR oil is extracted from whole plant medicinal grade hemp grown in the USA. We utilize a CO2 extraction method to ensure the purest, most effective oil. In addition to several therapeutic phytocannabinoids, terpenes are included creating what is known as the entourage effect, providing a full spectrum of benefits for pets.
We third party lab test at every stage, from the raw materials to the finished product. As far as we know, we are the only company producing PCR products for pets that can quantify the exact milligrams of PCR in every chew, dropper bottle and gel cap. In addition, we test to ensure our products are free of bio-contaminants and heavy metals. All lab results are shared with our customers on our website.
Are Hemp-Derived Phytocannabinoids safe?
In a word, yes. Because hemp-based phytocannabinoids are non-psychoactive, they are non-toxic. It is virtually impossible for a pet to overdose.
In addition, phytocannabinoids are safe for your pets to take along with any prescribed or over the counter medication. Always talk to your veterinarian before adding any supplement to your pet’s regimen.